neuroscience

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Just in time for the heart of election season, A Field Guide to Lies

Daniel Levitin joined us less than a year ago to talk about his previous book, The Organized Mind.  He's back with advice on how to look at the way people use facts and figures, and pierce through the inconsistencies and outright untruths. 

Just think about it: the Internet gives us access to so much information... so much of it wrong. 

YouTube

What's your definition of compassion?  And can you even put it into words? 

David Breaux has been asking people to do just that for YEARS now.  He stands on a street corner in Davis, asking people to write their thoughts on compassion in a notebook he holds. 

By now, he's filled several, because the best of them are contained in a book he self-published. 

He and book are on tour, and David Breaux visits Ashland on that tour. 

Penguin Books

When psychologist Dacher Keltner first began studying power, he thought he'd focus on politics, battlefields, and Wall Street.  But he quickly discovered that people use power in many situations, even with loved ones. 

He also found that taking care of OTHER people's needs can enhance power, quite the opposite of what many people might think.  The wielding of power through compassion is one of the themes of Keltner's book The Power Paradox. 

Viking Press

Maybe your parents didn't get along so well.  Maybe, once you got older and noticed, your grandparents had very similar issues. 

We can't choose the families we're born into, but we can take note of what existed before we came along. 

Mark Wolynn, creator of the Family Constellation Institute, writes of "inherited family trauma" in his book It Didn't Start With You

Scribner/Simon & Schuster

We know so much about the brain, and nerves, and neurotransmitters... but... there's still no set of directions on how best to think and use our lives and gifts.  So we resort to terms like "grit." 

Which is the term psychologist Angela Duckworth chooses to use for the combination of passion and persistence that often yields good results. 

So her book is called Grit as well. 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Close your eyes for a moment and try to visualize what's in the area around you.  Can you?  We tend to run on autopilot, not taking much note of familiar surroundings. 

But attention to detail is critical at times, and Amy Herman teaches a course called "The Art of Perception."  Art?  Yes, students look at works of art to learn how to fine-tune their visual perception. 

Amy Herman put it into book form in Visual Intelligence

W.W. Norton Books

Does the cat actually judge you when you trip on your bathrobe belt?  We can't rule it out. 

Science knows a lot more about animal thinking these days, enough to know that we may not rank above animals so much as next to them--think evolutionary bush, not ladder. 

Biologist Frans de Waal studies primates and other creatures in his work, and he wrote the book Are We Smart Enough To Know How Smart Animals Are?  He provides many examples of animals using their brains well. 

Inside OHSU's Vollum Institute

Apr 29, 2016

  Science is working hard to understand the causes of mental illness, but we're not far removed--if at all--from dismissals like "he's just acting crazy."  

 The language is elevated a bit above that at the Vollum Institute at Oregon Health Sciences University in Portland.  Researchers there work to decode the way the brain works, in physical as well as mental health.  

W.W. Norton Books

  Can you even remember the last time you opened a physical dictionary or encyclopedia? 

You don't have to anymore, with the ability to type any term into Google and get results in less than a second--and no paper cuts. 

So the facts are there for us... now there's the issue of CONTEXT.  In The Internet of Us, author Michael Lynch points to evidence that shows we may know more, but we don't understand more. 

In fact, we seem to understand less. 

Penguin Books

"The mind is what the brain does," it's been said.  And oh boy, it does a LOT. 

And even though we cannot claim telepathy, we are certainly aware of other minds and what they are doing, without offering a penny for anyone's thoughts. 

Think of our thinking of other minds as belonging to The Mind Club

That's the name of the book by psychologists Daniel Wegner and Kurt Gray examining our attitudes towards each other, other thinking animals, and even some inanimate objects. 

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We have so many questions, just about the place where Dr. Abigail Baird works.  Really, the Laboratory for Adolescent Science?  It is INDEED a study of adolescents, not immature science.   

Dr. Baird focuses on reasoning and decision-making, and how these skills develop as we age (we hope). 

Jokes aside, Abigail has worked to abolish the death penalty for juvenile lawbreakers. 

Crown Business Books

We learn more about the brain all the time; don't you wish you had a dollar for every time you heard the term "neuroscience" in the last year? 

That field is only one of several that are brought to bear in Caroline Webb's approach to improving your day--ANY day. 

Her book is How To Have A Good Day

Christian LInder/Wikimedia

  We try and try to be as fair as possible to our fellow humans, but darn it, our primitive brains continue to hold onto some biases. 

Law professor Erik Girvan at the University of Oregon says implicit biases are nothing to be ashamed of, but certainly to be aware of. 

He plans a pair of workshops this week on the role of implicit bias in decision making. 

Basic Books

Finding your way to the bathroom in the dark is a sure sign that you don't need a lot of sensory input to make your way in your usual pathways. 

In fact, scientists now tell us that a majority of what we experience is not necessarily "real," but the world as filtered through our perceptions. 

And we can take advantage of that fact, manipulating the brain for our well-being and gain. 

Think virtual reality, artificial limbs, and more... these are among the gadgets and approaches in Kara Platoni's book We Have The Technology

Penguin Books

The next time somebody criticizes your messy desk, just point out that it could be a sign of creativity.  It's worth a try. 

And there's some evidence to support the claim, explored in the book Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind

Authors Scott Barry Kaufman and Carolyn Gregoire incorporate both brain science and great examples--from Thomas Edison to John Lennon--to illustrate the proclivities of the creative mind. 

Penguin Books

What's in YOUR kitchen junk drawer?  Or is it a whole closet? 

Humans can be messy creatures, but the tendency to lose track of things can seem amplified in this age of "information overload." 

Fret not: neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin says it's still possible to keep track of appointments, car keys, the works. 

He explains in his book The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload

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People who behave badly are not necessarily bad people.  They might have simply missed opportunities for someone to recognize and deal with their behavior before it got out of hand. 

The new Center for Translational Neuroscience at the University of Oregon is designed to find and maximize those opportunities. 

CTN aims to train students to recognize and work with people who may be headed for addictions, anxiety, aggressive behavior and overeating. 

Rowman & Littlefield

Dr. Marjorie Woollacott at the University of Oregon knows at thing or two about the human brain. 

You know... nerve tissue, chemicals, electricity. 

But once she started meditating, her own conception of human consciousness changed in a big way. 

The collision of neuroscientist and meditator produced a book, Infinite Awareness: The Awakening of a Scientific Mind.

Penguin Books

Any parent waiting for a great teacher to come forward for their child is waiting too long. 

Parents are the first teachers, educators point out. 

And the Thirty Million Words initiative is meant to give parents the tools to help build good brains in their kids, through the frequent and judicious use of language. 

The approach is detailed in a new book. 

Penguin Books

  We use the term "autism" more and more all the time... especially since the numbers of people with the condition continue to grow.  But could you define it? 

Steve Silberman, a reporter for "WIRED," aims to answer that question and more in his book NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity.

He delves into history, diagnosis, and even a portrait of Hans Asperger, for whom the syndrome is named.

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