The Jefferson Exchange

News & Info: Mon-Fri • 8am-10am | 8pm-10pm

JPR's live interactive program devoted to current events and news makers from around the region and beyond. Participate at:  800-838-3760.  Email:   Check us out on Facebook.  Find the News & Information station list here.

Or suggest a guest for The Exchange.

Rick Bowmer/AP

Twelve people shocked the world on Thursday when they found all seven defendants in Malheur Refuge takeover trial not guilty. 

The whole world watched as Ammon and Ryan Bundy and their co-defendants asserted possession of the refuge for six weeks in early 2016. 

Oregon Public Broadcasting--OPB--covered the case from refuge to courtroom.

A century ago, about 30% of the U.S. population lived on farms.  It should not surprise you to learn that the percentage is lower now: TWO. 

But while farm population is low, interest is increasing, as people care more about their food and where it comes from. 

The documentary film "The Last Crop" details the difficulties of handing farms off to new generations, a frequent obstacle to vibrant family farms. 

Farmer Jeff Main in California is profiled in the film; Chuck Schultz is the filmmaker. 

OEM/Dark Horse Comics

The person in charge of keeping Oregon informed of earthquake hazards has a side job writing comic books. 

Check that; writing comic books is PART of her job. 

Althea Rizzo is the author of a comic story on how Oregonians can prepare for, and survive, a tsunami. 

This is the second comic book collaboration between Oregon's emergency management agency and Dark Horse Comics, based in Milwaukie. 

Public Domain/Wikimedia

We don't think of solar eclipses as punishment from angry deities anymore. 

Good thing, too: the United States will see its first total eclipse in decades next year, in August.  Parts of Oregon will see the moon completely block the sun.

Tyler Nordgren is more than ready, with a new book called Sun Moon Earth.  Nordgren, an astronomer, artist, and "night sky ambassador," is enthusiastic about this and all solar eclipses.


The later in life people get help with learning deficits, the harder it is to correct them. 

That's why so much attention is lavished on Head Start and similar programs. 

The Oregon Community Foundation provides attention and money to such programs, in an effort to make sure all Oregonians have a shot at a good education and the good life that can result. 

Southern Oregon University

A lot of notable legislation came out of the 1960s.  You can tell by the number of 50th anniversary celebrations going on lately. 

Those include 50 candles for the National Historic Preservation Act, which created the National Register of Historic Places and a framework for protecting historical and archaeological sites. 

Which is music to the ears of our resident archaeologists, Mark Tveskov and Chelsea Rose. 

Dru Bloomfield - Urban Coyotes,

We love a good chat about the interactions between humans and animals. 

So we could not resist going into the vault to revisit an earlier interview with Lyanda Lynn Haupt, the author of a book called The Urban Bestiary

Just because we build highways and houses and displace animals does not mean they feel the need to leave their old habitats. 

So what's our response?  Do we exterminate or embrace, allowing the animals to live very close by?

Ashland Parks Foundation

Ashland would have been a very different kind of place if that mill had stayed on the creek in the heart of downtown. 

Instead, the mill came down and the city developed Lithia Park, a green jewel curving up the canyon. 

Longtime journalist John Enders helps the Ashland Parks Foundation celebrate its centennial with a book about the park; Lithia Park: The Heart and Soul of Ashland

Enders' great-grandfather served on the first Parks Commission a century ago.

Paula Poundstone creates prodigious amounts of comic material for her stage act.  And then doesn't use all of it. 

Because she works the crowd and makes up material on the fly. 

Poundstone is a prolific creator and performer and Exchange guest, making her third appearance here in a half-dozen years. 

Amanda Peacher/OPB

Early white visitors to the American West were impressed by its bounty: natural beauty and riches that seemed to stretch to the horizon. 

But the resources could be exhausted, and in some cases were. 

Weber State University professor Sara Dant writes of the progression through the years in her book Losing Eden: An Environmental History of the American West

The timeline stretches thousands of years, from the migration across the Bering land bridge to the present day. 


The only thing certain about the race for Jackson County Commissioner Position #2 is that it will result in a new commissioner. 

Incumbent Doug Breidenthal went down to defeat in the Republican primary in May. 

Former Medford City Councilor Bob Strosser won the primary and now faces Democrat Jeff Thomas in the November election. 

Thomas is currently a member of the Medford School District board. 

Lindblad Expeditions/National Geographic

David Cothran spends so much time in cold water, he may be an honorary penguin by now. 

Cothran is a scientist and photographer and ocean explorer who leads tours of remote and fascinating parts of the world for Lindblad Expeditions-National Geographic

Many of his trips involve diving, with cameras, into Arctic and Antarctic waters.  When trip is done, he returns to his home here in the Siskiyou Mountains. 

João Felipe C.S./Public Domain

Working a farm is a very different business from 100 years ago. 

Farms are bigger and numbers of farmers smaller, due in large part to mechanization.  And in this age of local food and farm-to-fork events, more people seem to be paying attention to what happens on farms. 

The documentary film "Gaining Ground" explores some recent trends, with a focus on farming in inner-city California and rural Oregon.  The film visits Ashland on Tuesday (October 25). 

Corey Coyle/Wikimedia

A recent report from Oregon State University outlines some of the issues facing farming and farmers in Oregon. 

For one thing, many aging farmers are retiring.  And land costs are stopping some would-be farmers from getting into the business. 

Rogue Farm Corps is already at work on these and similar issues; in fact, the Corps co-wrote the report with OSU. 

Wikimedia/Public Domain

"You should see a doctor," people say when you're having health issues. 

That phrase has taken on new dimensions in the age of almost-universal health insurance.  It's the "almost" part that troubles some people; they want to see health care coverage for all. 

Count Health Care For All Oregon in that group.  HCAO endorses a local measure on the ballot in Ashland (Measure 15-154) which calls on voters to pressure the legislature for an improved health care system. 


You can complain about the weather, but you can't do anything about it. 

But in the minds of some people, the weather is changed by planes flying across the sky, spewing chemicals in "chemtrails."  To most of the population, they're just contrails. 

That's the way Paul Ruscher sees them; he's the Dean of Science at Lane Community College.  And he'll be debunking "chemtrails" in a talk at LCC on Wednesday (October 26). 


The world can seem like a troubled place right now. 

And Michael Meade not only acknowledges that feeling, but knows of times in the past when the world seemed troubled. 

Meade is a scholar of mythology, anthropology, and sociology, and he visits Southern Oregon University tonight (October 21st).  He says the adversity in the world can trigger a time of renewal. 

Shasta Community Access Channel

"The winners write the history books," goes the old saying. 

And it's a saying that has particularly grim implications right here in our country.  Because white settlers ultimately won the war with Native Americans. 

The situation is explored in a play called "Undamming History," to be presented at the Cascade Theatre in Redding.  It's a collaboration between the Shasta Historical Society and four tribes in the area, presented as part of Indigenous Peoples' History Day. 

Deviant Art/Wikimedia

Two things any business getting started needs: money and expertise. 

So it helps when the expertise can be obtained for little money.  Or none, as happens at the weekend (October 22nd) Business Resource Forum scheduled for Medford. 

The Small Business Development Center at Southern Oregon University is among the entities putting the forum together. 

JPR News

It's not just for catching up with old high school classmates: many people get news from social media. 

That should not be a huge surprise, as Americans have migrated to the web for their primary news sources. 

But going to Facebook is not the same as going to this and other news sites.  In fact, Nicole Dahmen at the University of Oregon says there are some dangers in getting your news just through social media.