The Jefferson Exchange

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JPR's live interactive program devoted to current events and news makers from around the region and beyond. Participate at:  800-838-3760.  Email:   Check us out on Facebook.

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Crater Lake webcam

Crater Lake enjoyed a banner 2015, and 2016 is off to a flying start, at least in some respects. 

The 664,000 visitors last year represents a 25-year high.  But what's good for visits is not necessarily good for the environment: low snow made it easier to get to the park, Oregon's only national park. 

So far, this year is the opposite: snow so deep the road to the rim has been closed for several stretches. 

Mike Doukas/US Geological Survey

There's no place on the planet quite like Crater Lake, and some of the people who love it want to give it more protection. 

So Oregon Wild proposes a large (500,000+ acres) expansion of wilderness areas in federal forest land outside the national park boundary. 

These would be added onto existing wilderness areas, providing some connections between what are now wilderness islands. 

Environmental groups are enthusiastic, and some other entities are NOT. 

An Oregon Wild rep joins us with the case for the wilderness expansion, followed by Klamath County Commissioner Tom Mallams

Viking Press via Twitter

Much has been said about the state of mental health care in this country, and how the lack of quality care can lead to violent crime. 

It certainly figured prominently in the Seattle-area murder of Teresa Butz in 2009.  The attack on Butz and her fiancee Jennifer Hopper by Isaiah Kalebu received extensive media coverage in the Seattle weekly "The Stranger." 

Associate Editor Eli Sanders won a Pulitzer prize for his reporting on the case, and he felt it deserved a wider audience, one achieved in the book While The City Slept.


After a hiatus forced by January 1st (a holiday) falling on a Friday, First Friday Arts returns to The Exchange!

The first Friday of any month has become a day to celebrate the arts around our region. 

Several communities hold First Friday art walks, and some hold similar observances on other weekend days. 

The Exchange syncs up with the art world on First Friday, by visiting with listeners about arts events in the coming month. 

Camelot Theatre

Our First Friday Arts coverage continues with a deeper look at one of the arts events taking stage soon.

Camelot Theatre in Talent presents Lisa Beth Allen's play "Solomon's Blade" through February. 

With a title like that, you might expect a story of a threat to cut a baby in half.  It's not that, not quite. 

But it is about a very difficult decision involving a baby, an Israeli family, and a potential Arab-Israeli parent. 

Basic Books

Rick Shenkman has already made some money underestimating the intelligence of the American voter*.  His 2008 book is called Just How Stupid Are We?

Apparently, he's still looking for an answer to that question, or at least getting lots of responses to it. 

Note the picture of the swinging monkey on the cover of his latest book, Political Animals

There might be an evolutionary reason for the way we make choices about political leaders. 

Medicinal Missions

More than 100 people commit suicide in the United States every day. 

Of those, an average of 22 are military veterans.  And when you consider what a small percentage of the population veterans make up, the number is staggering. 

Which is why a pair of veterans created the film "Project 22;" to look for ways to divert vets from suicide. 

Our occasional "Local Focus" partnership with Southern Oregon Public TV resumes with a pair of programs on the movie and its makers. 

U.S. Army/Public Domain

In our time, kids have gotten used to the idea of sharing classrooms with kids with disabilities; children in wheelchairs are not segregated from the student population like they once were. 

But there's still room for all students to understand what life is like with a disability of some kind. 

That's why the Medford School District is running an "Ability Awareness Campaign" through the end of February. 

Fourth graders will get to experience short periods without sight or without speech, or with some other disability. 

Basic Books

Take a piece of the whole and examine it, and you can understand the whole.  That's the basic principle behind reductionism. 

And economist/social scientist John H. Miller is having none of it. 

Miller chucks the idea of micro-analysis in favor of a macro view, in A Crude Look at the Whole

And he says studying systems all at once can lead to understanding some keys to life on earth, including climate change, ecosystems, and financial collapses. 

Oregon Action

College got more expensive, and real wages stayed flat over the last few decades.  Even people who flunked economics know that means students pay more for higher education, and borrow more to pay tuition. 

Oregon Action and The Alliance for a Just Society surveyed students at Southern Oregon University and Rogue Community College for the report "Sentenced to Debt: The Hidden Costs of Unaffordable Education." 

The issue of how to make college affordable tops our shout-out list on this VENTSday.  If college-level education is seen as necessary to so many jobs, how do we make it affordable to more people? 

Answer our survey to get the ball rolling, and join us on VENTSday to hear the responses or put your two cents in there. 

Our OTHER topic this week: Why Iowa and New Hampshire?  Are there better states to start the process of winnowing presidential candidates?

Oxford University Press

It's not the stethoscope, it's the ears.  Doctors have a lot to listen to when a patient arrives complaining about a health matter. 

But the patient's story tops the list. 

Medical schools stress the importance of taking a patient history and keeping the story straight, a process underscored in the book Listening For What Matters


Oregon legislative sessions are meant to be short and tame affairs in even-numbered years.  These are not the sessions that set budget priorities. 

But there's pressure on the current legislative session to produce laws to help minorities and low-income people, and the threat of ballot measures if the legislature does not produce on issues like minimum wage hikes. 

Fair Shot for Oregon has a list of items--including wages--it would like the legislature to address. 


It might be okay to paint the town red, but we probably don't want to paint the planet pink. 

Not that it's truly possible, but such a thing is imagined in a children's book about climate change. 

The author imagines a world in which carbon dioxide is visible... and pink. 

Now you get the idea. 

Reader's Digest Publishing

Alzheimer's Disease or any other form of dementia is a big deal.  But it's entirely possible that small choices we make now can help us avoid dementia. 

M.D. Ken Kosik lines up the choices in his book Outsmarting Alzheimer's, in which he lays out the terms that make up the acronym SMARTS. 

By choices made in meals, entertainment, and exercise, Dr. Kosik says you truly can strengthen your defense against dementia. 

Public Domain/Wikimedia

We get waves of stories about immigration, and the stories of children arriving in the United States from Central America, unattended, was several waves ago, in 2014. 

Which gives us a chance for some perspective on how those stories were portrayed in the media. 

University of Oregon journalism doctoral candidate Ricardo Valencia examined the coverage of the child immigrants in four American newspapers, taking note of the differences in sources, some Latino and some not. 


The newer buildings at Oregon public universities tend to be LEED-certified for "green-ness," and campuses have been known to use things like compostable flatware in food services. 

Those are just a few of the efforts to address sustainability in higher education, the focus of a whole conference later this week in Eugene. 

Lane Community College President Mary Spilde is host and a speaker for the conference. 

Simon & Schuster

Many people wanted to contribute to society in the days after the 9/11 terror attacks. 

Kevin Hazzard decided to take an EMT course in saving lives.  The course wasn't enough. 

He plunged full-time into working on an ambulance, in some of the toughest parts of Atlanta. 

His book A Thousand Naked Strangers relates the frequently grim and occasionally funny parts of the job. 


Oregon's even-numbered-year legislative sessions are supposed to be short "housekeeping" sessions. 

But the list of proposed legislation just grows and grows, and now includes the Healthy Climate Bill that climate activists want to see passed. 

The bill is similar to the cap-and-trade program passed by the California Legislature in AB32 several years ago, a program voters opted to keep in a repeal vote. 

Marc Shuelper/Wikimedia

The hits just keep on coming to seals and sea lions and their relatives on the West Coast. 

The El Niño effect made feedings tough for pinnipeds, and strandings of malnourished pups kept workers busy all year at the Marine Mammal Center in the Bay Area. 

Then the massive algae bloom in the ocean, with its domoic acid, also hurt marine mammals.