Exchange Exemplar: The Most Civilized People In The World, At War

Jul 6, 2018

The first world war was unimaginable for many people.  Then it happened again, just a generation later. 

How did Europe, considered the center of civilization, devolve into belligerence and barbarity TWICE in such a short amount of time? 

The Penguin History of Europe series asked that question, and historian Ian Kershaw answered, in To Hell and Back: Europe 1914-1949

Our guest visited in 2015 to tell the story of how the dark days got so dark. 

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