The U.S. General Land Office hired Daniel Major in 1868 to survey the Oregon-California Line.
Major used a sextant and a crew of 19 to locate the intersection of Nevada, California and Oregon, which he marked by placing three large black bottles and a cottonwood stake surrounded by rocks. He also erected a sandstone monument with the states’ names engraved on the sides.
Continuing west, Major tracked the 42nd parallel all the way to the Pacific. Near today’s I-5, the surveyors marked the intersection of the “Emigrant Road to Jacksonville.”