"Attica" is one of those names that seems familiar to many Americans, even people who know nothing of the story attached to the name.
Heather Ann Thompson, a historian who researches mass incarceration, fills in the story of the 1971 uprising at the Attica Correctional Facility in upstate New York, in her book Blood in the Water.
Prisoners took over Attica to protest the conditions, and prison bosses were negotiating with them. But then the state mounted an assault on its prison, and 39 people died. A major crackdown followed.