The Jefferson Exchange

News & Info: Mon-Fri • 8am-10am | 8pm-10pm

JPR's live interactive program devoted to current events and news makers from around the region and beyond. Participate at:  800-838-3760.  Email:   Check us out on Facebook.

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University of California-Davis

You've probably got a list of animals you'd never think about hurting.  But what if those animals were crowding out other animals you valued? 

That is the ethical issue faced by the people manage the curbing or removal of invasive species. 

Like the Tui Chub, a fish in Diamond Lake that has crowded out sport fish in the past, leading wildlife managers to poison the lake to kill all the fish (and later re-stock). 

Joseph Tuminello studies this kind of ethical dilemma in his doctoral research in Texas. 

Penguin Random House

A nun, a veteran, and a house painter walk into a federal nuclear installation.  There is no punchline, because it is no joke.

The three unarmed pacifists who broke into a federal uranium storage area in Tennessee four years ago were making a statement.  And along the way, making some points about nuclear security in America. 

The incident is the centerpiece of Washington Post reporter Dan Zak's book Almighty, about the nuclear age and all it has meant to Americans.  Anyone who remembers an air-raid drill from elementary school can relate. 

Chronicle Books

Salt sure adds flavor to food.  And often, a few points to your blood pressure as well. 

Which is why many doctors advocate diets somewhat lower in sodium than is traditional for the American palate. 

Jessica Goldman Foung goes by "Sodium Girl" at her blog.  She is now the author of a low-sodium cookbook, Low-So Good, filled with flavorful recipes that keep a lid on the salt. 


Our society is, in theory, supposed to protect its most vulnerable members. 

But society failed The Boys in the Bunkhouse for years. 

The boys of the title in Dan Barry's book were men with intellectual disabilities who were warehoused and kept in slavery-like conditions. 

Until, that is, social workers, journalists, and a lawyer took up their case. 

Frankie Fouganthin/Wikimedia

Mountain bikes are ubiquitous today, but nobody knew what one was a few decades ago. 

Enter Gary Fisher and a few other dedicated trail riders.  Fisher is often called "the father of the mountain bike" for his innovations. 

And Fisher is the subject of a new short film made by mountain bike dealer and lover Ron Hilbert

The film shows tonight (July 7) at Backside Brewing Company in Roseburg at an event sponsored by Umpqua Velo Club

Harris & Ewing/Wikimedia

Adding the name of a famous baseball player to a disease does not make it any more appealing. 

Lou Gehrig's Disease--amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS--slowly erodes the body's motor functions, leading to paralysis and death. 

Oregon Health & Science University performs extensive research into ALS in Portland, in the hope of improving treatment or finding a cure.

Penguin Books

Quick, name the federal agency you most recently had contact with.  For a lot of people, the answer would be the Postal Service. 

Its mission and importance have changed in the age of email, but it certainly can be argued that the postal agency is of vital importance. 

In fact, that IS the argument of Winifred Gallagher's book How The Post Office Created America

Gallagher points out that the Continental Congress created a postal agency before it did almost anything else.  It predates the Declaration of Independence by a year. 

Forest Service/Public Domain

Jumping out of a plane to fight a fire sounds like a military response. 

Funny you should mention it: the practice of smokejumping did, in fact, begin in the shadow of World War II. 

The war ended long ago, but the practice did not. 

Sometimes the best way to fight a fire in a remote area is by dropping people and equipment from a plane (with parachutes).  The Siskiyou Smokejumper Base Museum near Cave Junction lays out the history of smokejumpers. 

The pointer recently moved another click to the right: fire danger is now High in much of the region. 

It is now a question of when, not if, firefighters get busy keeping wildfires from growing out of control. 

The strategy involves heavy use of aircraft these days. 

The Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest and Oregon Department of Forestry are among the agencies and jurisdictions that keep firefighters on standby for the ground and the air. 

W.W. Norton Books

Practically overnight, Zika virus has gone from "what's that?" to "oh no, Zika?" 

From the justified concerns about birth defects, to athletes declining to participate in the Olympics out of Zika fears, the virus is now a major health issue worldwide. 

New York Times science reporter Donald G. McNeil, Jr. cuts through the hype and examines the very real concerns with the disease in his book Zika


Basic Rights Oregon works hard to ensure the rights of members of the LGBTQ community. 

And for nearly a decade, it has been counting gains in those rights, under the direction of Executive Director Jeana Frazzini. 

During Frazzini's tenure, LGBTQ people racked up victories in a number of policy areas, all the way up to marriage equality. 

Frazzini steps down from her role at BRO in a matter of days. 

Victor M. Vicente Selvas/Wikimedia

Irrigation is not a new idea, but farmers in our region once got through the growing season without it. 

Dryland farming, it's called; and it requires careful choices in crops and careful conservation of water. 

Dryland farming is still practiced at the Hanley Farm of the Southern Oregon Historical Society.  It involves a LOT of mulch. 

Hanley Farm Agricultural Manager Rion Glynn visits with details of the work... and the results.  

Viking Press

Lessons we learn in childhood tend to stick with us. Stove tops burn. Dogs bite. Some lessons, though, can keep us stuck in unfulfilling pursuits in adulthood.

Author Rosamund Stone Zander says the stories we write may keep us from enjoying each other and ourselves.

Her latest book is Pathways to Possibility


Independence Day marks a day of freedom from live broadcasting for the Exchange crew. 

While we're out enjoying parades and fireworks (or just catching up on sleep), you can catch up on a couple of programs from the past. 

At 8: Marcus Rediker tells the story of the slaves who mutinied against their captors, in The Amistad Rebellion

At 9: Stephanie Coontz recalls the early days of the feminist movement of the 1960s in her book A Strange Stirring

Benjamin Esham/Wikimedia

July is here, and independence celebrations abound!  We add fireworks shows to the entertainment list with this month's First Friday segment. 

Any Friday is something of an event. First Friday is a slightly bigger deal in the arts world, as several communities in our region observe First Friday Art Walks. 

The Exchange goes with the flow, with our monthly First Friday Arts segment. 

We open the phone lines (800-838-3760) and invite arts organizations from throughout the listening area to call in with details of arts events in the coming weeks... from fine art to open mike nights, all arts events are fair game. 

It helps that the word "mural" is the same in Spanish. 

Because Ashland unveiled a new one this week, on the pedestrian walkway known as Calle Guanajuato. 

The  name comes from Ashland's sister city in Mexico, which also provided the mural painter. 

Laura Rangel Villaseñor--she prefers Loreta--came north to work on the project and see its unveiling.

Our tongues may trip over the term "anthropocene," so let's make this statement: people have changed Earth, in profound ways.  If we truly wanted to restore nature as we found it, how would we go about it? 

That's one of the questions raised by Jordan Fisher Smith in his book Engineering Eden

It begins with a man killed by a grizzly bear in Yellowstone National Park, and continues to a court case that set two brilliant biologists against each other. 


Firefighters probably wish the Continental Congress had declared independence in November. 

Then, at least, the chances of fireworks starting a grass fire would be limited. 

But the fireworks-heavy holiday is in dry July, and comes with frequent warnings about the safe use of legal fireworks, where they are permitted. 

The Oregon Fire Marshal's office puts out many of those warnings. 


Blueberries taste good, especially between layers of sweet, flaky pastry. 

Pardon the pie reverie; now down to the science. 

Karen Avinelis is a blueberry grower, and has learned a few things about coaxing the fruit to deliver taste and nutrition. 

luminare press

Eugene is now home to about five times as many people as it held in 1950. 

"Leaps and bounds" might be an understatement when it comes to growth. 

Sara Jeanne Duncan Widness remembers the quiet days, and shares her memories in her book The Dusky Afternoon