In a world of finite resources and a (so far) continually expanding human population, something has to give.
The case is often made that people will simply have to get by with less... fewer creature comforts, more bare-bones lifestyles.
Robert Bryce is having none of it.
Bryce points to many cases in which technology figured out solutions that did not involve deprivation.
He compiles the cases in his book Smaller Faster Lighter Denser Cheaper: How Innovation Keeps Proving the Catastrophists Wrong.